What is a proscribed terrorist group? Task
What do the terms, ‘proscribed’ and ‘terrorism’ mean?
The word ‘proscribed’ means that something is banned or forbidden. According to the Terrorism Act 2000, the Home Secretary can ban a group if they think it is connected to terrorism. Terrorism means the threat or use of serious violence, severe damage to property, risks to public health and/or safety, or causes disruption to an electronic system. The use or threat of the action must be intended to influence the government or to threaten the public with an aim linked to a political, religious, racial or ideological cause.
What are the criminal offences related to proscription?
The criminal offences related to proscription, with the relevant section of the Terrorism Act 2000, are:
- Being a part of, or saying that you are a part of, a proscribed group (section 11)
- Providing support, or having an opinion or belief that is supportive of a proscribed group (section 12)
- Being involved in meetings associated with a proscribed group (section 12)
- Wearing clothing or carrying items in public linked to a proscribed group (section 13)
- Sharing an image of clothing/items associated with a proscribed group (section 13)
How does proscription help to disrupt terrorism?
Proscription can help support other disruptive activities in relation to the proscription offences. Other disruptive activities include removing online materials and freezing resources. The resources of a proscribed group are terrorist property and therefore can be seized.
What types of sentences can be given for proscription offences?
A sentence (in the legal world) is the punishment ordered by the court. The punishments for proscription offences under sections 11 and 12 are a maximum of ten years in prison and/or a fine. The punishments for offences under section 13 are a maximum of six months in prison and/or a fine not exceeding £5,000.